عنوان مقاله [English]
Joseph Campbell's "Monomyth" or it's adaptation in Vogler's book The Writer's Journey is a common known hero's journey structure among all contemporary writers and screenwriters and there are great numerous works which are written based on its structure or can be argued that the writer had instinctively and unbeknownst to himself followed it's structure. This purpose of this essay is to analyze and pinpoint the deficiencies and shortcomings of Campbell's monomyth in regard to female heroin and her journey, explaining that according to female psychologists and feminist theorists how this structure ignores women and their quest for wholeness and growth, to introduce and study different theories regarding to "Heroin's Journey" and explore Clarissa Pincola Estes' "La Selva Subterránea: Initiation in the Underground Forest" theory in order to analyze Hayao Miyazaki's Howl's Moving Castle (2004) according to Estes' structure and insight.
Following the comparison of Joseph Campbell's monomyth and Estes' wild woman archetype, this essay strives to answer questions about these theories superficial and sematic differences, the diversity between their distinct approach in defining the world and women's role and position in it. As this essay is a descriptive-analytical essay it argues that although Howl's moving castle's heroin journey follows Estes' "La Selva Subterránea: Initiation in the Underground Forest" theory and she goes through all it's stages -the bargain without Knowing, the dismemberment, the wandering, finding love in the underworld, the Harrowing of the soul, the realm of the wild woman, the wild bride and bridegroom- and transitions from a dull, depressed girl with no desire nor love to a wild woman who acknowledges her power and beauty, who breaks her own curse along with the scarecrows' and Calcifer's curse, rescues his king and has found her true love, Miyazaki with his unique storytelling has moved beyond Estes' King's journey in her " La Selva Subterránea: Initiation in the Underground Forest" theory and changes the path of Howl's -or King of the underworld in Estes' Theory. It is discussed that in his change of narrative during the adaptation process -from Dianna Wynne Jones novel to his animation script-, Miyazaki has combined Estes' king's Journey with Joseph Campbell's monomyth and thus has enriched and deepened Howl's Journey. Miyazaki's howl goes through the three main stages of the monomyth 'the departure or separation, the initiation and the return'; and with Sophie as the who calls him to adventure, the one who is his mentor, ally, goddess, they put an end to an aimless war, find true love and return with the elixir -in Howl's Journey- and becomes the wild bridegroom in Sophie's Journey, a groom that has followed his love and after enduring so much hardships and escaping from the clutches of the natural predator of the psyche has become a man worthy of his wild bride. And thus, Miyazaki in his masterpiece create a new narrative structure and tells a story which is far deeper and more complicated than his western counterparts, with more powerful and deeper characters whom transform and evolve differently and more beautifully.