رسانه سینما پیوستاری سیال و دوگانه باور

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکتری پژوهش هنر، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

10.22059/jfadram.2022.343315.615673

چکیده

سینما هنری است که شکل‌گیری، پیوستگی و پویایی‌اش وابسته به تماشاگری است که بطور مداوم با جامعه پیرامونش ارتباطی زنده و لحظه‌ایی دارد. بیننده گاه در طلب غوطه‌ور شدن در خیال خود و گریز از واقعیتهای اجتماعی و گاه برای درک و رویت امور واقعی ندیده به تماشای گونه‎های فیلم می‌نشیند. ارتباط دو طرفه سینما وابسته به تغییرات دایم محیطی است که تکنولوژی، ایدئولوژی و سواد رسانه‌ایی بر آن تاثیرگذار است. از این روی سینما در گذر تاریخی تبدیل به رسانه‌ایی پر از جهش و پویا شده است. این پژوهش با هدفی بنیادین صورت گرفته و مسئله اصلی آن امکان سنجی حضور و تعامل مخاطب در جهان سیال فیلمیک و سینماتیک سینما می‌باشد. روش تحقیق مقاله حاضر تحلیل محتوا و بر اساس جمع آوری اطلاعات از منابع کتابخانه‌ای و آرشیوهای صوتی و تصویری و مصاحبه می‌باشد. نتیجه حاصله نشان از آن دارد که تماشاگر متاثر از عواملی همچون همذات‌پنداری، باورپذیری و لذت که در هر دوره دارای ویژگی خاص و متاثر از بافت فرهنگی، اقتصادی، سیاسی و غیره می‌باشد، خواسته یا ناخواسته خود را در جهان فیلم قرارداده و سعی دارد حضورش را به روابطی تعاملی و آگاهانه‌تر تبدیل نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Cinema, a fluid dualist continuum

نویسنده [English]

  • payam Zinalabedini
Ph.D in art Research, university of Tehran, Tehran. Iran.
چکیده [English]

After its primary experiences, cinema, has tried to develop various methods in making films. Recording the reality was the method that cinema was born into,but gradually the role of imagination became prominent in it as well. Over time with the development of cinema, the role of reality and imagination in the films became more distinct; films were organized and divided into two sections: feature or fictional films and documentary or real films; and each of the followings found its own followers and audience. Filmmakers of all times have experienced various innovative and exquisite methods in narrative and form,to create styles in their works, and to entice audience, critics and artists. Cinema is a phenomenon whose survival and future have been repeatedly questioned, but undergoing significant transformations within its lifespan exposes a new form and nature. The historical course of the cinema and the remaining examples indicate that this transformation has taken place in a variety of filmmaking and managers,filmmakers and creators in the cinema have expanded their efforts with every possible method. Having purposeful methods in classical,modern and postmodern periods has led to the emergence of various attractions and dynamic presence of this media for more than a century. This continuous development over time has created a special idealism that let cinema to remain an attractive and novel media among audience. Its audience could have been gone long ago,if cinema wasn’t a dynamic media and if it had ben repeating its classical formulas over and over again. Cinema is an art that its formation, continuity,and dynamism depend on an audience that is actively in constant relation with the society around him/her. An audience may occasionally seek to be immersed in his/her imagination and to escape from social realities and maybe sometimes he/she seeks to understand real things through watching different genres and styles. Today's world is going toward redefining concepts and old limiting definitions are no longer held accountable. New filmmakers have broken the boundary between reality and imagination in order to make their works believable, and with different intellectual and ideological approaches they are trying to make new aesthetics visible in their works. The two-way cinema relationship depends on permanent environmental change that is affected by technology,ideology and media literacy; hence, cinema has become a fluid and dynamic media in the historical passage. This research was conducted with a fundamental purpose and the main problematic of it is the feasibility studying of the presence and interaction of the audience in the fluid world of film and cinema. This content analysis method study is done through reviewing and interview method by gathering information from library resources and audiovisual archives. The result of this study shows that the audience is influenced by factors such as identification, credibility and pleasure that has a special status in each era and is influenced by the cultural, economic, political, and other factors. Thus the audience willingly or unwillingly places himself/herself in the film-world and tries to turn his/her presence into a more interactive and conscious one.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Identification
  • cinema madia
  • dualism
  • Presence
  • Interaction