تاثیر‌گذاری نظریه‌ی بازی درونی موسیقی بر مهارت‌های ذهنی در اجرا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیأت علمی گروه موسیقی، دانشکده هنرهای نمایشی و موسیقی، دانشکدگان هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناس موسیقی، گروه موسیقی، دانشکده هنرهای نمایشی و موسیقی، دانشکدگان هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

یکی از مهم‌ترین دغدغه‌های نوازندگان در جهان، کنترل اضطراب اجرا و عدم افت مهارت نوازندگی در صحنه به دلیل وجود فشارهای ذهنی و مداخله‌ی درونی است. روش‌های درمانی مختلفی برای درمان و کنترل اضطراب اجرا تا به حال شناخته و مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته‌اند. در ایران اما به ندرت به این مسئله پرداخته شده است و جای خالی تحقیقی میدانی و کاربردی در جامعه آماری موسیقی ایران دیده‌ می‌شود. هدف از این پژوهش میدانی با رویکرد تـحلیلی-کاربردی، این است که با مطالعه، آنالیز و آزمایش یکی از نظریه‌های شناخت و کنترل اضطراب اجرا به نام «بازی درونی موسیقی» و همچنین با جمع‌آوری داده  از آن‌ با شرکت ده دانشجوی سال آخر مقطع کارشناسی، میزان تاثیرگذاری مهارت‌های ذهنی در کنترل مداخله‌ی درونی  و اضطراب اجرا و دست‌یابی به اجرای موفق مورد مطالعه قرار گیرد. این تحقیق به دلیل ابراز نگرانی دانشجویان از اجرای عملی پایان‌نامه‌ی خود در دوران همه‌گیری کرونا و عدم امکان اجرای زنده به مدت یک سال و نیم صورت گرفت. مطالعه‌ی بینارشته‌ای و میدانی پیش‌ رو نشان می‌دهد که استفاده از مهارت‌های ذهنی تاثیر به‌سزایی در افزایش توانایی‌های فیزیکی و بهبود کیفیت اجرایی نوازندگان، کاهش پیش‌آمد ترس و اضطراب از اجرا و  همچنین تسلط بیشتر در کنترل استرس دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Influence of Inner game of music on mental skills in performance A case study of senior undergraduate students of classical music performance at the University of Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yasaman Kimiavi 1
  • Evita Arakelian 2
1 Faculty Member of Music Department, School of Performing Arts and Music, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Bachelor of Music, Department of Music, School of Performing Arts and Music, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

One of the major concerns of music performers worldwide is mastering control over performance anxiety and the prevention of decreased performance ability which is a result of self-interference and psychological pressure. Music is a spontaneous art that happens at the moment. Music performers strive to convey their emotions through musicality and feelings. They only have a single chance to achieve this and have to be able to show their best at the very moment of performance. These constraints will eventually cause performance anxiety, leading to its destructive consequences.
A variety of methods have been introduced and studied to different extents over the years for treating and controlling performance anxiety. In Iran, however, this topic has not been studied thoroughly, leading to the absence of the relevant practical field research in the statistical population of music in the country. By analyzing and applying «The Inner Game of Music» -a theory designed to build an increased knowledge and control over performance anxiety-, and collecting data from ten senior undergraduate students of University of Tehran, Faculty of Music, this research is aimed to investigate the effectiveness of mental skills and their potency to facilitate control over self-interferences and performance anxiety.
This research was initiated as a result of concerns raised by the students regarding their graduation recitals, which were to be held 18 months after Covid-19 outbreak in Iran, a period of time in which live performances were impossible. A number of virtual performances were organized for these students, and closer discussions and analyses of performance anxiety and possible solutions for gaining control of it had been studied further in the months leading up to their final recitals. The students were guided towards a better understanding of performance anxiety and taught to recognize self-interference through key concepts, ideas, and exercises from the theory of “The Inner Game of Music”. They were asked to fill three questionnaires twice, upon their first and last performance of the semester. The questionnaires were composed by the authors of this article, specifically for this study and was designed to evaluate the nature and intensity of students’ constructive and destructive thoughts and the physical and psychological effects of these thoughts, before, during and after their performances. Students’ ability to manage their performance anxiety in their first and final performances of the semester was then compared using the data gathered through the questionnaires.
Analysis of the results obtained from the students’ scores given to each of the topics of constructive and destructive thoughts and their immediate effects after their first and final performances, indicates that the exercises of “Inner Game of Music” and awareness of the impacts of self-interferences in performance has generally increased constructive thoughts and their effects while relatively decreasing destructive thoughts and their consequences. This analysis also shows an overall improvement and more satisfaction of the performers with their performance.         
This interdisciplinary field study has demonstrated that mental skills greatly and positively influence the physical skills and performance quality of musicians, reducing fear and performance anxiety, leading to much heightened control over stress.
 






کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Performance anxiety
  • Inner Game of Music
  • mental skills
  • self-interference
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