عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
This study of attitude is about the cruelty of Artaud that was much discussed by scholars, directors and theorists in various cultural and artistic fields. A word that its meanings and interpretations domain and beyond ordinary words into a kind of philosophical approach of life. This study sought to investigate this issue whether this concept can be transferred to cinema and offer a new standpoint in this exchange and margin for the art or not. Along with this outlook, the concept of transfer of claims to other art [cinema] and recognize again with all its deficiencies and its additives would be possible in American avant-garde filmmakers, David Lynch. What has this recognition is very important philosophical approach selected readings at the Artaud and transfer it to the movies is because the approach to the study claims, fewer vulnerabilities in principle the concept has Artaud's cruelty, because in the fields of thought, isolation, secession is more superior in comparison to other subjects such as psychological, social,… issues and this article is immune from comparative views of other sciences. so philosophical idea originated by the cruelty Artaud's choices and his outlook is his analysis of theater and theater of his theory on the one hand, and mediated by a philosophical concept in this regard is placed on explaining to them by the look of this of theoretical and theoretical limits for theatrical release is on the other hand for the research as a practical solution to look at the theater and cinema has been used. Along this approach and the basis of Artaud's theory, toward a constant upheaval and alchemistical, dialectical and dreamy permutation confronts with madness and salvation dilemma. Cruelty exists in all part of it. At this point, a new definition of cruelty on the basis of "Development toward cognition" and "inevitable necessity of life" is represented. To be conscious of pure senses and absolute existence are the existential sources of new arts in Artaud's theoretical system; although before this time, this intuition was not real and was unknown. The theory of cruelty cinema, with tendency toward Artaud in this approach is defined as: that kind of cinema which begins and becomes involved in with havoc and chaos nightmares and dreams have interior permutations of work with themselves, and finally what remains is symbolic confusion, and because of this, the spectator has a paradoxical feeling og displeasure, magic Jouissance and emotional and physical impacts.Analysis and visual explanation of this exploration is sought in Lynch's cinema. Another basis of this study is on the metaphysical relation of cinema and theatre, and it can be said that Artaud acts as a firm connection between these two. And finally this study try to find examples of a new art especially based on the concepts of Artaud's cruelty in David Lynch works. This theory, as a model, is used for understanding and perception via feeling of Lynch's cinema, in order to be an evidence for of surrealistic, cruel and distinct experiences of Lynch in dreamy and uncanny world.