از سینما تا معماری: بازخوانی مفاهیم تصویر، حرکت و زمان برای عصر اطلاعات

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشکده معماری، دانشکدگان هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران.

10.22059/jfadram.2022.347903.615693

چکیده

ظهور مقارن سینما و معماری مدرن در اواخر قرن نوزدهم باعث تغییرات مهمی در تفکر و سبک زندگی انسان شد. امروز، در عصر اطلاعات، زندگی روزمره با تصاویر متحرک و فضاهای مجازی درهم آمیخته است. این تصاویر، فضا و زمان را تصرف کرده و بر فضاهای ذهنی و فیزیکی انسان ها تأثیر می‌گذارند. در این میان، فیلسوف فرانسوی ژیل دلوز، جهان بینی متفاوتی بر اساس هستی شناسی تصویر ارائه می‌کند که در آن همه‌ی اجزاء و اتفاقات جهان، مجموعه‌ای از تصاویراند که بر یکدیگر اثر می‌گذارند و واکنش نشان می‌دهند. هنگامی که هستی به مثابه تصویر تعریف می گردد، تصاویر در ترکیب با حرکت و زمان، احساسات، کنش‌ها و مفاهیم پیچیده انسانی را به وجود می‌آورند. بنابراین، در عصری که بیش از پیش به تصاویر وابسته است، جایگاه هنر، بخصوص سینما و معماری، از اهمیت بیشتری برخوردار می گردد. این پژوهش از نوع کیفی-تحلیلی و با رویکرد فلسفی-نظری است و از نظریات دلوز و رابطه دو سویه سینما و معماری استفاده می کند تا اهمیت بازخوانی مفاهیم تصویر، حرکت و زمان را جهت حضور موثر و مولد در عصر اطلاعات بیان نماید. امید است بتوان با اینچنین رویکردهای فکری و مفاهیم نوین به خلق آثار و فضاهای موثرتری در رابطه با نیازهای انسان در عصر اطلاعات دست یافت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

From Cinema to Architecture: Re-reading the Concepts of Image, Movement and Time for the Information Age

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Khoshab 1
  • S. Yahya Islami 2
1 School of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan Branch, Isfahan, Iran.
2 School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran.
چکیده [English]

Cinema is one of the most important phenomena of the modern age. The simultaneous development of cinema and modern architecture in late nineteenth century instigated important changes in thought, experience and lifestyle of human beings, and is an indication of the close relationship between these two arts. In this context, the French philosopher Gilles Deleuze offers a different world-view based on a redefinition of the concepts of movement, image and time. This research, which was carried out with a theoretical, qualitative, descriptive-analytical approach, explicates Deleuze's unique definitions of image, movement and time in order to illustrate the significance of re-reading these concepts for the Information Age. The paper begins by explaining how cinema, architecture, or any other art, can be ways of thinking and creating new concepts. It then shows how Deleuze combines philosophy and cinema to define three types of movement: “Movement and Instant”, “Privileged-Instant/Any-Instant-Whatever”, “Movement and Change”. He goes on to categorise the “Movement-Image” into three types: “Perception-Image”, “Action-Image”, “Affection-Image”. In this theory, everything is an image. In other words, all the components and events of the universe are a collection of images that interact and react to each other. These interactions occur in the context of time, resulting in the concept of “Time-Image” and “Movement-Image”. Time for Deleuze is the life force for movement and becoming. Time is nothing but the present, or the present that has become thought. The concept of “Time-Image” is a challenge, with the aim of thinking about the potential of the flow of time. The image is not always in the present, but at different levels of time, past and future. In the concept of “Time-Image”, time shrinks and expands in relation to the past and the future. These concepts offer an alternative understanding of the relationship between philosophy and art and our perception of the world. In this philosophical approach and according to such definitions of image and time, there exists a much closer relationship between cinema and architecture. The concepts of Movement-Image and Time-Image can be defined as fundamental concepts of both of these arts. The three concepts of Perception, Affection, and Action and the intertwining of Time components with them, can be appropriated for architecture, thus changing our understanding of architectural space and design. By defining and redefining concepts in cinema and architecture, Deleuze develops a new way of thinking in which art, philosophy, and science together form the story of life. In this alternative mode of thought, everything is image, and everything in the world is a set of images that affect and react to each other. When reality is composed of images that, in combination with movement and time, create feelings, actions and complex human concepts, then for an age which has become more dependent on images, the value of art, especially cinema and architecture, gains a new significance. It is hoped that such intellectual approaches and new concepts can be used to create more potent artworks and spaces with reference to human needs in the information age.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cinema
  • Architecture
  • Philosophy
  • Movement
  • Image
  • Time